The Police and the Community
Family counseling, both formal and informal, is offered to citizens by the police. This counse1ing is closely linked to crime prevention, both in the theory and practice of Japanese policing. United States police agencies have not typically organized crime-prevention services into separate units, reflecting the fact that crime prevention by police has not been a well-developed concept in the United States, but starting with the emergence of "community policing" in the I 990s, it is often incorporated in that approach by many departments. In Japan, officers engaged in crime prevention perform a variety of duties including family counseling, which I would like to consider first by virtue of its differences from what are normally thought of as crime-prevention activities.