Despite the blemishes on the record of the Japanese police in the late 1 990s, I continue to hold the police agency in high regard. No system in the world is without its flaws, and while the National Police Agency and its si ster prefectural police agencies may have let their guard down, I expect that the handful of police abuses and blunders will be corrected. I do not believe that these abuses and missteps, regardless oftheir widespread, well-publicized notoriety, are symptomatic of a systemic breakdown. In general throughout my writing I have both explicitly and implicitly made clear my high regard for both the police system itself and its parallel criminal justice institutions. They will regain the confidence of the Japanese public over time.