Overview of Police
Japan has a national police system, with a decentralized structure of prefectural police agencies throughout the nation and a national police agency at the top ofthe hierarchy. The National Police Agency is where the policies and standards are created and implemented. It operates under the guidance of the National Public Safety Commission. In 1998, Japan employed around 263,483 police personnei, ofwhom 8,100 were female officers, and 7,661 members of the total worked directly for the national police Agency (Foreign Press Center 1999). In the United States there were 531,496 fuH-time local police, inc1uding 420,000 swom personne I (U.S. Department of Justice 1999). On average, there is one police officer responsible for a population of 553 throughout Japan.