chapter  9
Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime: Tracing the Crime-Terror Nexus in Southeast Asia
Pages 19

The end of the Cold War and subsequent demise of the Soviet Union ushered in a new international security environment that can no longer be explained by the dominant security paradigms utilized by most Western governments and analysts since World War II. Our understanding of security, falling under the rubric of high politics and focused on maintaining the territorial sovereignty of state actors, has been questioned by several ongoing international dynamics. For example, interstate conflicts have been replaced by rising occurrences of intrastate violence; the state as the central focus of international affairs has given way to a host of nonstate actors; and, it has become increasingly evident that the greatest threat to security emanates from the rapidly evolving phenomena of terrorism and transnational organized crime (TOC). In actuality, national, regional, and international experience with insecurity over the past decade has confirmed that terrorism and TOC deserve paramount attention precisely because they both span national boundaries and thus are necessarily multidimensional and organized; and, because they directly threaten the stability of states by targeting economic, political, and social systems.