chapter  2
Militant Islamic Extremism in Southeast Asia
Pages 19

Terrorism is not new to Southeast Asia. Indeed, for much of the Cold War, the activities of a variety of internal ethnonationalist and religious militant groups posed, arguably, one of the most significant threats to the polities of the region. During the 1990s, however, the residual threat posed by substate extremism rose-both in reaction to the modernization pursued so vigorously by many Southeast Asian states and as a result of the political influence of Islam (which has itself been further amplified by the contemporary force of South Asian, and more specifically, Afghan radicalism).