chapter  II
The Frontier Takes Shape
Pages 29

ThestudyoftheRomanarmy,itshistory,organization,anddevelopment,hasalongandillustriouspast.Machiavelli'sDiscoursesonLivy isoneofthemorefamousworksofthistradition,butitwasneitherthe earliestnorthemostinfluential.Fromthebeginningoftheearlymodemperiod,professionalsoldiers,militaryplanners,andwould-begeneralshaveturnedtotheworksofVegetius,Caesar,Livy,Sallust, Tacitus,Josephus,andotherancientauthorsforinspirationandguidanceinmilitaryaffairs.ShakespearepokesfunatthistraditioninKing HenryV,whentheWelshmanFluellenheatedlyurgeshiscompanion tospeakmoresoftlyincamp:

Itisthegreatestadmirationintheuniversalworld,whenthetrueand ancientprerogativesandlawsofthewarsisnotkept.Ifyouwouldtake thepainsbuttoexaminethewarsofPompeytheGreat,youshallfind,I warrantyou,thatthereisnotiddletaddlenorpibblepabblein Pompey'scamp.Iwarrantyou,youshallfindtheceremoniesofthe wars,andthecaresofit,andtheformsofit,andthesobrietyofit,and themodestyofit,tobeotherwise.1