Thirty-one previous attempts to recall governors of California have failed. None even qualified for the ballot, although a 1968 effort to recall Governor Ronald Reagan came close. Yet in 2003, more than 1.3 million people readily signed valid petitions to put the recall of Governor Gray Davis before the voters. Why this time but not before? We’ve inventoried all the elements that created the “perfect storm,” from the energy crisis, the recession, and the budget deficit to legislative gridlock and, finally, to the personality and leadership style of the governor.