chapter  9
Pages 4

In my view Matthew is chronologically the third of the Gospels. I think it was based on Luke, or perhaps on an earlier form of Luke, and written c.130 CE.1

I am aware that, in saying this, I am going against a commonly-accepted trend. The Gospel of Matthew has, for most of the history of the Church, been thought of as the first (and even as the most authoritative) of the Gospels. One of the biggest upheavals brought to the understanding of the Bible by critical scholarship was the realization that Matthew was later than Mark and dependent on it. This theory had become common currency by the second half of the nineteenth century. It is very widely held today, and can certainly be described as the “consensus view.”