chapter  2
15 Pages

Plato and Neoplatonism

This chapter discusses the importance of the "neo-Hegelian" movement in British philosophy, which flourished from the late nineteenth century before dying down significantly by the mid-twentieth century. In the first few decades of the nineteenth century, British philosophy was highly insular and had been viciously criticized for its lack of contribution to European research. T. H. Green's metaphysics of the eternal consciousness is, as Peter Nicholson has recently written, "the heart of his philosophy, which supplies the life-blood of the individual's intellectual and moral activity". German idealism was so important for Green because in the works of Fichte, Kant and Hegel he believed he could see a fertile source capable of leading us away from this sterility. F. H. Bradley's extraordinary work Appearance and Reality is an attempt to argue for the existence of a non-relational harmonious Absolute, a priori through a critique of relations, and a posteriori through our knowledge of immediate experience.