Idealist philosophy of nature: F. W. J Schelling
This chapter demonstrates the importance of metaphysical idealism to contemporary science. It points out that the scientists are unusual in their adoption of idealist metaphysics. On the contrary, it point is that, far from being antithetical to scientific thinking and discovery, philosophical idealism is essential to science. The chapter explains far from being antithetical to scientific thinking and discovery, philosophical idealism is essential to science. It describes possibility of a "one-world" interpretation of Plato's Ideas in which the Idea is understood in terms of causality. Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela's essay "Autopoiesis: The Organisation of the Living" was first published in 1972. The Neoplatonic account of an "emanation" from an undifferentiated maximum power, to more complex and differentiated hypostases, via a structuring Intellect of Ideas, is manifest in this disequilibrium between the Sun and the Earth. Maturana's early work was on the neurobiology of colour perception. The retention of organization is the primary objective of the organism.