chapter  5
Epistemology and philosophical psychology
Pages 40

If we see metaphysics as directed from the top of the Neoplatonic hierarchy downwards to the sensible and material realm, then in learning, concept formation and acquisition of knowledge the direction is reversed, from the bottom upwards. Here, too, however, the higher hypostases are prior to the extent that they endow the human soul with all its powers and have ontological priority. Also, the intelligibles serve as the foundations for knowledge. Nonetheless, methodologically and developmentally, human beings start with bodily functions and perception, and only arrive at dialectic and knowledge – if at all – through arduous conceptual and philosophical work based on both experience and rational capacities.