chapter
8 Pages

Introduction

The first essay, Good and Evil, Good and Bad, focuses on the emergence of the values and conception of agency that compose the idea of the moral person invoked in morality through an analysis of the re-evaluation of antique values wrought by the slave revolt in morality. However, it begins with two related methodological criticisms of the English psychologists, to whom one owe the only attempts so far to develop a history of the genesis of morality. The criticisms indicate that Nietzsche's own investigations function under two methodological constraints: first, a historical rule that acknowledges that the function or value of morality at origin has no necessary relationship to its value and, secondly, a psychological rule that stresses the requirement of realism in the construction of hypotheses concerns the formation of morality. Nietzsche's efforts to probe and guide his readers affective responses is conducted by way of both a series of rhetorical contrasts and two staged engagements with imagined interlocutors.