Poststructuralism as philosophy of difference: Gilles Deleuze’s Difference and Repetition
This chapter focuses on structuralism is very important for any work on poststructuralism and Gilles Deleuzes because it shows how his work fits with structuralism, but also how it changes it and makes it more radical. Deleuze highlights seven criteria for the recognition of structuralism in order to give his version of this transformation: the symbolic; locality or position; the differential and singular; differenciating and differenciation; the serial; empty place; and the move from the subject to practice. Deleuzes first criterion for the recognition of structuralism, the symbolic, follows an opening remark that structuralism is about language and not anything else. It is important to keep in mind critical questions against his poststructuralism such as: Why are these descriptions true; and Are these valid deductions; to go beyond a view of poststructuralism as merely descriptive, it is important to understand the new kinds of philosophical argument and deductions introduced by Difference and Repetition.