chapter  5
Responsibility to whom?
Pages 13

Numerous agreements, including the formal and unanimous adoption of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide and the doctrine known as the responsibility to protect confirm that state sovereignty does not exist without limits by strengthening the foundation for collective responses to situations of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. Pluralists commonly invoke the argument that the notion of universal values or universal responsibility towards ones fellow human beings in the world does not have universal resonance. Examining the process of legitimation in response to the human rights violations in Rwanda, Darfur, and Libya, it contributes one to understand the complexity of moral decision-making at the state level. The evolution of the concept of humanitarian intervention indicates that there exists a responsibility on behalf of some actor or actors to protect innocent civilians from massacre in situations where the state fails in its responsibility to do so.