chapter  1
Introduction
Pages 6

Despite this attention, industrial activities are not always appreciated by society as a whole. Hie reconstruction period of the national economy after 1945 was a glorious era for Dutch industry. But this changed in the 1960s and 1970s. Hie continued economic expansion then brought a number of negative effects to light, certainly in specific regions: traffic congestion, degradation of the environment, insalu­ brious housing conditions, greater commuting distances, etc. There was increasing talk of selective growth and the necessity to alleviate the pressure on De Rands tad as a

manufacturing was the culprit that caused these negative effects. Especially in the Rands tad area, people thought they would be better off without industry. This negative attitude was fueled by the decline in the number of jobs in manufacturing after the mid-1960s, a consequence of ration­ alization and automation operations. At the same time the stature of the service sector was enhanced because it pro­ vided increasing numbers of jobs and it did not inflict visual damage on the environment.