chapter  2
Self-Regulation of Motivation and Action Through Internal Standards and Goal Systems
Pages 68

Socialcogmtivetheorydistinguishesbetweentwobroadclassesof motivation(Bandura,1986).Oneclassofmotivatorsisbiologicallybased andincludesphysiologicalconditionsarisingfromcellulardeficitsand externalaversiveeventsthatactivatebehaviorthroughtheirphysically painfuleffects.Thesecondmajorsourceofmotivatorsiscognitively based.Incognitively-generatedmotivation,peoplemotivatethemselves andguidetheiractionsanticipatorilythroughtheexerciseofforethought.Theyanticipatelikelyoutcomesofprospectiveactions,theyset goalsforthemselves,andtheyplancoursesofactiondesignedtorealize valuedfutures.