chapter  1
16 Pages

An Overview of Terrorism

Terrorism presents a greater threat to national and transnational security today than it has

presented at any time in history. This has been demonstrated repeatedly since the 21st

century began. The September 11, 2001, attacks at the World Trade Center and the

Pentagon were probably the most devastating terrorist incidents in history-certainly

in the history of the United States. The October 12, 2002, attacks on the Island of Bali

caused ripples around the world. The May 2003 suicide attacks in Casablanca, Morocco,

that killed 45 people; the August 2003 attack on the JW Marriott Hotel in Jakarta,

Indonesia; the November 2003 suicide bomber attacks on the British Consulate and

British HSBC Bank in Istanbul, Turkey, that killed more than 25 people (including the

British Consul-General) and wounded 450 others; and the March 2004 train bombings

in Madrid, Spain, which killed 191 people and wounded 2000 others, all illustrate how

serious the threat has become.