INTRODUCTION Even before the founding of the fi rst juvenile court in Illinois in 1899, community interventions had been a central weapon of those seeking to fi ght
delinquency. This chapter will examine both traditional and nontraditional community interventions and focus on some of the problems with these approaches to the delinquency problem. The chapter will fi rst describe probation and aftercare for juveniles, highlight some of the current trends in community interventions, and then look at some of the concerns in the fi eld. One of the key issues examined in this chapter is the effectiveness issue: Do community interventions have any impact on recidivism? In other words, do community interventions help to reduce the number of offenses committed by the juveniles exposed to the programs, or are the programs ineffective in reducing delinquent activity?