While several themes are evident in these three cases, the importance of collaboration crosses each family violence type. In the fi rst case, police and child protective services workers had to work together to address the child’s needs. In the second description, a number of different agencies were called together to address domestic violence. In the third case, adult protective services and law enforcement worked together. Indeed, when individuals experience family violence-whether as an infant, child, adolescent, young adult, or older person-their experience occurs in a world fi lled with various institutions charged with preventing or responding to family violence. While these three cases show collaboration occurring, what typically happens is that individuals from those various institutions respond as if they are the only individual or institution involved in the case. For example, a police offi cer, social worker, or victim advocate might respond to the case focusing solely on the needs of (or roles of) the police department, social service agency, or victim’s advocate offi ce. Such a response is problematic for at least three reasons.