The targeting of crime prevention efforts is nowhere more evident than under the rubric of situational crime prevention. Many of the prevention techniques discussed under primary prevention form the basis of interventions discussed in this chapter. Instead of attempting to make sweeping changes in an entire community or neighborhood, situational prevention is aimed at specifi c problems, places, persons, or times. The situational approach assumes that a greater degree of problem identifi cation and planning will take place prior to program implementation and that the impact will be more focused. The identifi cation of places, individuals, and things at risk of victimization, especially focusing on repeat victimization, is central to a great deal of situational prevention. This chapter outlines the growth of situational crime prevention since the early
1980s, discusses the various traditional rationales upon which it is based, and provides examples of situational techniques in action.