chapter  7
Public participation in environmental decision-making: Nigerian law and practice in comparative perspective
Pages 35

In view of the international best practice principles on public participation in environmental decision-making processes critically set out in the preceding chapter, this chapter seeks comparatively to analyse the Nigerian law and practice in that regard and, where necessary, to make recommendations for improvement in that light, considering some relevant non-legal realities of the country. From the Nigerian perspective, apart from a few other local instruments that will be referred to, the 1992 EIA Act will be at the heart of the (comparative) discussion in this chapter. This is because the EIA Act, apart from regulating the general EIA system in the country, is the flagship law for public participation in environmental decision-making in Nigeria; ‘[p]ublic participation is a fundamental component of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) process’1 and ‘EIA is not EIA without consultation and public participation.’2 The analysis in this chapter will follow a similar progression as in the preceding chapter.