chapter  6
Gardens, Communities, Parks, and Urban Design
Pages 28

Generally, people do not give a thought to the fact that the parks, gardens, urban public spaces, college campuses, landscapes that greet them when they go to work, arrive at an appointment, or the myriad of places they frequent during a day, were deliberately designed by someone. However, the designed places didn’t just suddenly appear or fall out of the sky. They were the result of considerable thought over long extended periods of time, involving many people from many professions. Most people cannot imagine that so much thought, often involving a team of people, takes place before a project gets built and occupied. In previous chapters, discussion about the areas of consideration that go into the design of places people live, work, and play have been presented. Some of the areas of consideration include climate, functional relationships, safety, topography, views, traffic and circulation, horticulture, and much more. Most people do not think which professions were responsible for the design of places and spaces they encounter during their everyday life. The hand, mind, and artistic skill of landscape architects have played varying roles in the creative realization of many of these places. We will investigate the kinds of places landscape architects have been responsible for. The scale of the facilities and spaces can range from the very smallest parts of the built environment (see the stone vessel garden in Figure 6.1) to the extensive urban landscapes, such as the California Plaza in Los Angeles (Figure 6.23 on p. 129). Landscape architects have been involved in large infrastructure projects, such as the planning of interstate highways and their landscape installations, as well as the habitat and landscape restoration of land and river floodplains disturbed during the construction of the 864-milelong (1390 km) oil pipeline that traverses the State of Alaska (Figure 6.35 on p. 137).