One of the main advantages of using multiple-choice questions is that you can obtain statistical information about how well an individual question or set of questions is working. Typically, this statistical information is referred to as an item analysis. Understanding how to interpret and use information based on an item analysis is as important as knowing how to construct a welldesigned MCQ. You can use this information not only to inform you about how well your students are learning, but also to guide and inform your instruction. Item analysis can come in useful for the current exam, for followup to the current exam, or for the next time you use these particular items.