chapter  5
Explaining democratisation 1
Transnational factors
Pages 24

Intelligence cooperation takes a number of forms that may be categorised in terms of Whitehead's forms. In general, the key to effective intelligence sharing is reciprocity; to that extent it is conditionality which is most significant, even if the conditions are defined in terms of information rather than hardware or money. The role of Western agencies in helping to professionalise agencies in the transitional democracies may be shown as contagion or even consent to the extent that help was asked for; elements of material conditionality may be seen to have crept in, as in Romania and its provision of a secret prison. Globalisation provides the obvious context for understanding the democratisation process at the broadest level: each of its frequently discussed dimensions political, economic, cultural, communications must be factored into any explanation. Democracy may exist most comfortably within capitalist societies but capitalism can prosper without democracy: globalisation has not resulted in any end of history victory for liberal democracy.