chapter  17
The End of a Cycle … or Perhaps Not
Pages 4

In the mid-1940s Adolf Portmann joined the group and increasingly took the helm; like Jung, he was good at pressing his own intellectual/spiritual interests with Fröbe. From then on esotericism, gnosis, and the mysteries receded into the background and man as a biological and cultural being became the central focus. is again can be seen from the conference titles, which always had the human being as the main reference point. However, the faction surrounding Eliade, Corbin, and to some extent Scholem held its own e ectively and helped to pave the way for the prominent role that the “polytheist” group around Hillman and Miller would later play. eir “archetypal psychology,” although it perceived itself to be a science, le plenty of room for “esoteric” thinking in the sense used here, if only by virtue of its philosophical forebears from antiquity up to the Middle Ages. e debate between the “polytheists” and “monotheists” is therefore not just a matter of religion or confession but also of the choice between the sharp, narrow logic of the word and the uidity and open-endedness of the image. Ultimately the question is which should take precedence: a clear-cut, one-dimensional rationalism based on words and concepts or a more inward-looking, more multi-dimensional approach, involving images and multivalent insights.4