Rapid technological advances continue to introduce and deliver digital fabrication tools that are considered vernacular and accessible to an increasing number of
people. For example, the Digital Vernacular tools of 2008 did not even include 3D printing. Four-plus axis CNC technology would have also been considered highly specialized at that time. Therefore it is easy to conclude that the fluid nature of variables that determine a Digital Vernacular tool will change with time. We anticipate that several digital tools currently excluded from this publication will evolve and enter the realm of the vernacular in the near future.