chapter  4
Mumbai Outraged
Pages 31

Mumbai has been outraged, broken and martyred by incessant terror attacks but fi nally Mumbai was victorious. It is important to know about the fabled past of this city, which has been the target of terrorists for long. Wedded in the soil and civilizational journey for millennia, it is largely diffi cult to say precisely when exactly human habitation started in Mumbai. In 1939, Malcolm Todd, a British historian and archaeologist, while taking a stroll along the coastal areas around Kandivali in Northern Mumbai, had stumbled upon Pleistocene sediments at the shore. Todd’s discovery took Mumbai’s history back to the Stone Age. Tectonic shift had shrunk Mumbai to its present shape, and formerly it was an archipelago of seven islands (Bombay, Parel, Mazagaon, Mahim, Colaba, Worli, and Little Colaba). There was rich presence of human activities in Mumbai in pre-history and history age. In the 2nd century BCE, the comparative serenity of the region invited the Koli fi shing community to settle here.1