Rules set by global governance organizations affect communities across the world. Such organizations increasingly seek to obtain legitimacy in the eyes of groups beyond their member state elites. This book advances scholarly debate on the politics of legitimacy and legitimation in global governance. It brings together researchers from different subfields of International Relations in order to highlight trends and contradictions in the contemporary politics of legitimacy across areas of sustainable development, humanitarian relief, responsible investment, sustainable fisheries and labour standards. The chapters explore legitimation efforts by various forms of global governance bodies, such as intergovernmental organizations, public–private partnerships and fully private bodies. The book demonstrates that different governance forms beyond the nation state share deep legitimacy challenges and engage in continuous legitimation attempts. Questions on the audiences of such legitimation attempts are particularly pivotal in understanding the politics of legitimacy. Audiences are not predetermined but constituted through interaction between legitimation efforts and the reactions to those of targeted and other groups, mirroring broader global power relations.
This book was published as a special issue of Globalizations.
1. Introduction: Global Governance, Legitimacy and (De)Legitimation Part I: Legitimation of global policy priorities 2. Legitimation Challenges in Global Health Governance: The Case of Non-Communicable Diseases 3. Legitimacy, Tribridity, and Decent Work Deficits Part II: Legitimation and public-private governance 4. Old Wine in New Bottles? The Legitimation and Delegitimation of UN Public–Private Partnerships for Sustainable Development from the Johannesburg Summit to the Rio þ 20 Summit 5. Business–Humanitarian Partnerships: Processes of Normative Legitimation 6. Organizational Legitimation in the Age of Governing by Numbers: The Case of Regulatory Partnerships on ESG Issues and Financial Decisions Part III: Legitimacy and transnational private governance 7. Exploring the Output Legitimacy of Transnational Fisheries Governance 8. Legitimacy, Institutional Design, and Dispute Settlement: The Case of Eco-Certification Systems