Introduction: Islamic ethical and political thought revisited
Pages 26

This conclusion presents some closing thoughts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book explores the ethical and political thought of Abu Hayyan al-Tawhidi and his contemporaries, including their concepts of friendship and love. It offers a revision of al-Tawhidi's background and role in his society. He has been seen by some, like Kraemer, almost as a romantic figure, a man alienated from his society, rejecting the constraints of traditional Muslim beliefs, and even the basic tenets of Islam. Al-Tawhidi drew upon Greek sources, especially Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics and his definition of a friend as a second self, but his concept of friendship was not the same as that developed by Aristotle. In a collection of essays titled Friendship and Politics: Essays in Political Thought, the contributors argue for the inescapable relationship between friendship and politics, and the interconnectedness of public a.