Consider the following list of leaders, whose names we have drawn from a fairly diverse set of backgrounds:
• Nelson Mandela (the late South African leader), • Bill Gates (co-founder of Microsoft, philanthropist, investor, and
inventor), • Kenneth Lay and Jeffrey Skilling (former Enron executives), • Silvio Berlusconi (Italian business and political leader), • Oprah Winfrey (American media proprietor, talk show host, actress,
producer, and philanthropist), • Lance Armstrong (former competitive cyclist), • Bernie Madoff (former stockbroker, investment advisor, financier, and
chairman of Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities), • Halla Tomasdottir (co-founder of Audur Capital financial services,
Iceland), and • Richard Fuld (last CEO of Lehman Brothers).