The reality of scholars’ experiences and participation on online networks is messy and complicated. So what? What are the implications of the fi ndings presented in past chapters? What lessons can we draw moving forward? How should scholars and institutions of higher learning respond to the networked societies they fi nd themselves in? Throughout the book, we explored the meaning, potential, and implications of networked scholarship. I’ve attempted to illuminate the complexity of the issues involved, and sought to balance the potential of networked scholarship with the tensions inherent in it, the state-of-the-art with what actually happens when scholars fi nd themselves in networks.