Coaching is not a simple mechanical activity where all the workings are visible, easily identified, studied and adjusted as if diagnosing and fixing a broken clock. Sport coaching researchers generally agree on the embedded, complex and contextual character of sport coaching. The intentional, instrumental and goal-orientated character of sport coaching has undoubtedly been championed by cognitive and strategic/functional approaches. Social approaches have focused on both individual and social resources - but mainly the latter residing in traditions, practices, norms, languages and shared beliefs etc. of coaching. There is agreement across the different disciplinary perspectives that sport coaching stakeholders engage in a continual process of reasoning, reflecting and strategizing when engaging with sport and coaching goals, activities and events. Although the mechanisms underpinning the processes of learning, education and development vary, with cognitivists focusing on individual processes, and complexity and social approaches focusing more on social processes, the practical implications appear remarkably similar.