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This chapter discusses the making of the Iraqi state following the American-led invasion in 2003. It explores the nexus between the social and political production of space as a site of governance and the physical transformation of space through survey. The chapter argues that the political system that the CPA constructed was based fundamentally on the scientific resolution of the meaning of physical space undertaken by surveyors. In a paper written for the professional journal American Surveyor led members of the survey team describe their work as central to the development of Iraq. The purpose of the survey work is to know space, to know Iraq as the sum of its constituent, duly surveyed and mapped, parts. The integrity of Iraqi space is presumed prior to the geodetic survey; it is also however actively produced through the referential CORS system. The geodetic survey is based on a complex process of triangulation.