This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts covered in the preceding chapters of this book. The book expresses how Egyptian Jews really lived and what they really thought, and demonstrates that the intellectual and political narratives that circulated in colonial and monarchical Egypt also indirectly influenced the Jews. It analyses the ceremonies organised in the 1910s at the Alliance israelite universelle (AIU) school of Tantah, or when noting the diffusion of interclass marriages during the interwar period. Although the analysis confirmed that this movement did not gain the support of the majority of the Jews. In addition to economic factors, social identity is also a question of knowledge, and although class only rarely carries anything approaching the emotional power of the nation, it can be similarly conceptualised as an effect of certain social practices. Even though several Jews were not Egyptian nationals and few were personally involved in Egyptian politics, Zionism also only appealed to a minority.