chapter  3
18 Pages

Changing Dysfunctional Automatic Thoughts

For cognitive therapists, exaggerated or biased cognitions, such as often happen with automatic thoughts (ATs), tend to maintain or exacerbate stressful states such as depression, anxiety, and anger (Leahy, 2003). ATs are defined as rapid, evaluative thoughts that do not result from deliberation or reasoning; as a result, the person is expected to acknowledge them as true and act upon them without analysis (J. S. Beck, 2012).