chapter  3
The garden
Pages 11

Ecological Urbanism has an actual design provenance as well as a putative intellectual one. Cities have been damaged and damaging before, and architects and others have responded, and responded so effectively, at least on the level of the organising image, that their ideas have remained very much alive. The three essays in this section discuss three of the most influential of these responses: the non-architect Ebenezer Howard’s Garden City, Le Corbusier’s Ville Contemporaine and Frank Lloyd Wright’s Broadacre City. Each embodies organisational ideas – with their social, economic and environmental implications – of relevance to the practice of Ecological Urbanism: centralised decentralisation, compaction and dispersal.