Rational-emotive therapy (RET) was founded in 1955 by Albert Ellis, a New York clinical psychologist who began his career in the helping professions in the early 1940s. As a result of research he was doing at that time for a massive work to be entitled The Case for Sexual Liberty, Ellis gained a local reputation for being an authority on sexual and marital relationships. He was consulted by his friends on their sexual and relationship problems and discovered that he could be successful in help ing them with these problems in a short period of time. He decided to pursue formal training in clinical psychology after discovering that there were no formal training possibilities then offered in sexual and marital counselling. After getting a PhD degree in clinical psychology, he chose to be trained in psychoanalysis, believing then that it was the deepest and most effective form of psycho therapy available. He decided on this course of action because his experiences as an informal sexmarital counsellor had taught him that disturbed relationships were really a product of disturbed persons, 'and that if people were truly to be helped to live happily with each other they first had better be shown how they could live peacefully with themselves' (Ellis, 1962, p.3).