Networks and new venture internationalization
This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book draws on IB literature that International Entrepreneurship (IE) scholars generally do not take into cognizance, at least explicitly. It provides some exploratory insights drawing upon case-study research in Bangalore. The book also provides survey data on Indian software ventures, supplemented by brief case-studies from Cambridge, UK, and Zhongguancun, a high-tech district in Beijing, China. It offers preliminary conceptualization on the role of Multinational Enterprise (MNE) ties in new venture internationalization. The book discusses implications for research, policy, and practice and contains further case-illustrations from India, China, the UK, and the US. It traces the evolution of Johanson and Vahlne's thinking as articulated in a series of seminal papers and reiterate the message although they do not explicitly make it themselves that an important future research direction concerns the MNE- International New Ventures (INV) interface.