The search for the basis of that fundamental obligation led naturally to the concept of human rights. The conversation about human rights has various beginnings, but it is usually seen as starting in the middle of the twentieth century. Human rights are the rights to which humans are entitled; or, to put it more accurately, human rights concepts articulate what it is that humans are entitled to. The relationship between religion and human rights and, even more so, the attempt to investigate that relationship hold pitfalls for any systematic introduction of the subject. The philosophical challenge regarding religion – and human rights – usually arises in the context of the question regarding the foundation and justification of human rights. A very different challenge to the discussion of religion and human rights resides concretely in the arena of human rights activism, its motivation, and the localities of its support.