chapter  8
Conclusion: From Parks to Green Infrastructures
Pages 4

The public park promises urban renewal. The more densely populated a city becomes, ironically, the more pressure it experiences to carve out noninstrumental public space from within. This book reveals several examples to validate this point, such as the birthing of the Massachusetts parks of the 19th century. Here, the exponential fl ow of immigrants into the city provoked urban planners to carve out recreational space for all. This was intended to serve as a safety valve in society. Density of human networks, it seems, require breathing room. Public space is not created for purely utilitarian purposes but caters to our deep need for experiencing leisure and pleasure. One can argue that parks are the closest that society gets to materialize its idealism. In spite of events time and again that shatter these ideals, these symbolic landscapes demonstrate an impressive resilience in the social imagination. The urban commons insist on being the common good. After all, leisure topographies fundamentally represent our humanity. The less regulated the park, the more it relies on the good in human nature to sustain it.