chapter  1
Sport-specific inclusion and exclusion
Pages 16

This chapter outlines the existing sociological definitions and carves out a specific meaning of what shall be termed 'sporting exclusion' and 'sporting inclusion'. Within the sporting arena, the criteria adopted to evaluate athletes is ideally and typically based upon sporting ability and performance. Whereas references to sport within social inclusion and social exclusion are focused primarily on achieving political and social objectives. The sociological definition of exclusion is the different or derogatory treatment of an individual or group on the basis of their individual, socio-cultural or socio-economic differences. Sporting inclusion reflects a meritocratic society, which is one where any 'inequalities of wealth or social position solely reflect the unequal distribution of merit or skills amongst human being, or are based upon factors beyond human control, for example luck or chance'. The very nature of sport, as laid down by the inspirational Olympic slogan, is to be 'faster, higher, stronger' and strive to push the limit of human capacity.