This chapter looks at the presence of religion as a subject in the movies before turning to consider Christian responses to the cinema, particularly in the United States, as one example of the range of ways in which religious communities have responded to media. Some of the earliest extant human art that we know of, Paleolithic cave paintings located in France, are religious or spiritual in nature. Understanding how the sacred finds expression through art and architecture, through image, sound, and movement expands the description of religion. Religious images have such power that religious conflict is often expressed through attacks by one religious group on the images and objects that mediate other religions. People working within the film industry, with varying degrees of religious sensibility, create theatrical movies about religious subjects. The media education movement teaches "active viewing" that encourages viewers to identify the assumed values of media entertainments.