Science, Technology and the Tools of the Politico-administrative Trade
Introduction The preceding contributors have all written articulately about the sciencegovernment relationship. However, I will begin this part of the book by noting that governments almost everywhere are subject to increasing public scrutiny. The political consensus that was built after the end of World War II was built on the notion that governments could remedy the problems caused by unrestricted capitalism as seen in the Depression of the 1930s. This sense has large crumbled. Governments were then to be the agents both of economic growth and social justice, they were to stimulate and guide the development of the economy and to ensure that the fruits were distributed in a way which enabled the citizen body as a whole to gain maximum benefits. Governments were to use the taxation system to provide, on the one hand, public education, which is of benefit to both the economy and citizens, and, on the other, to put in place systems of protection for citizens against the risks of unemployment, i l l health and old age.