Governance Challenges of Technological Revolutions
Introduction Emerging technologies are presenting unprecedented governance challenges to the international political system. These technologies are: (1) electronic communications and computer intelligence emerging from the information revolution, (2) human genetic manipulation and bio-informatics emerging from the biotechnology revolution, and (3) nano-technology emerging from the quantum revolution. How policy-makers respond to the challenges raised by these technologies, including the extent to which developments are supported with public research funds and whether they are regulated, are matters of increasing concern among citizens and for governing bodies. Existing political institutions are being pressed to deal with difficult questions and challenges raised by these technologies. New governance mechanisms, particularly on an international level, are needed.