chapter  6
The Fruit of Islam (FOI)
Pages 30

Security patrols organized by the Nation of Islam (NOI) have brought relief in some of the nation’s impoverished and drug-infested African American neighborhoods. Residents and some sympathetic city officials have credited the NOI’s patrol team, the Fruit of Islam (FOI), for doing-in a matter of days-what local police and federal law enforcement agencies failed to accomplish over years.2 Although they patrol unarmed, FOI members have confronted drug dealers, buyers, and users effectively, reducing drug-related violence and homicides. But in some neighborhoods, FOI actions have drawn the group’s members into a war of words with the police and city officials.