chapter  2
Review of the Literature
Pages 30

In examining the identity development processes for sexual orientation and ethnicity, and reviewing the similarities and differences of both, it is important to note Erikson's (1950, 1974, 1980) influence on identity formation. Erikson defined identity development as a progression both in differentiation and integration through a series of stages related to maturation (Erikson, 1980). Unlike some psychoanalytic theorists, Erikson was more optimistic about people and their human development, and was one of the few theorists who defined development as the outcome of braided influences of maturation and external social factors.