This chapter looks at the moment of the Second Congress of the Communist International. The revolutionary movement of the proletariat has made, during the months that have passed since the First Congress, a great step forward. The ideas of Communism acquire an ever wider extension. Marxist intellectual Karl Kautsky, himself, within that 'Independent' Party which he created, represents to-day a not very authoritative and a fairly ridiculous figure. Official dogmatised Kautskianism has been gradually compromised. The vitality of vague Kautskianism is most clearly seen in the example of the French Longuetists. The Italian Party, which is within the Third International, is not at all free from Kautskianism. Although an integral part of the Third International, the Italian Socialist Party to this very day can put up with Turati and his supporters in its ranks.