chapter  1
30 Pages

The Career Development of African Americans: Theoretical and Empirical Issues

The career development of the country's almost 30 million African Americans needs urgent attention. They are the largest ethnic group in the United States after Whites, representing 12.1% of the population, but 1990 census data indicate that their poverty rate is about 31.9% and has fluctuated between 30%and 36% since 1970;in contrast, the rate for the nation is about 13.5%, fluctuating from only 8.7% to 12% during the same period (cf. Swinton, 1992).Census data also show that the average family income for African Americans has been about 58% of White family income in recent years.