Are Twelve Step Programs Appropriate for Disenfranchised Groups? Evidence from a Study of Posttreatment Mutual Help Involvement
This chapter designs to obtain information concerning mental health and medical professionals' involvement with self-help groups from a broad, statewide sample of self-help group members. It taps self-helper beliefs regarding, and experiences with these professionals, including an analysis of the roles professionals have assumed, the members' views of the desirability of such roles, and the amount of time spent in contact with professionals. A random sample, taken in 1987, of 764 of the approximately 3,000 self-help groups listed by the state-funded, California Self-Help Center located at the University of California, Los Angeles in the United States was surveyed. The survey was developed after extensive review of the literature and in consultation with the California Self-Help Center and the Institute for Social Science Research, both at UCLA. The chapter utilizes the largest, broadest, and geographically most widely distributed sample of self-help groups to date, provides with an in-depth look at group member perceptions of relationships with mental health and medical professionals.