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perceiving styles (DMP) that involve preferred ways of

The individual’s preferred perceiving styles have a profound effect upon whether or not a particular change is viewed as an exciting opportunity or stressful and defined as a problem. Two individuals present in the same decision situation often perceive different problems and possibilities due to their unique perceiving styles, personal values and resources, past experiences, and psychological orientations. Psychological orientations are a consistent complex of cognitive, motivational, and moral orientations to a given situation that guide behavior (Deutsch, 1985). Each person in a decision situation has some information that is shared with others and some information that is uniquely personal.